The family Talpidae includes the moles, shrew moles, and desmans, all of which are confined to the north of North America and Eurasia. These predominantly burrowing insectivores (29 species in 12 genera) are particularly secretive and because of their way of lifestyles have, in wellknown, been poorly studied. The species that has, thus far, obtained maximum interest from naturalists and biologists alike is the European mole (Talpa europaea), whose manner of existence and conduct are likely pretty similar to many of the other species within this own family.

Moles are extraordinarily specialized for a subterranean, fossorial way of life. Their huge, spade-like forelimbs, which have evolved as powerful digging organs, are attached to muscular shoulders and a deep chestbone. The skin on the chest is thicker than somewhere else at the body as this area helps the majority of the mole’s weight when it digs or sleeps. Behind the large shoulders the frame is nearly cylindrical, tapering barely to narrow hips with quick strong hindlimbs (which aren’t particularly adapted for digging), and a quick membership fashioned tail, which is generally carried erect.

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